In Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, there are many distinctive historical sites, including the following:
Anne Frank House in Amsterdam
Anne Frank’s house is a museum and memorial for a historical period, as many of the house furniture and pieces dating back to the Second World War are displayed, and the name of the house belongs to a girl named Anne Frank, the most famous victim of the Holocaust, who wrote her memoirs and the events that she lived during the war, and this memo became one of the most. Books sold after her death at the age of fifteen, and it should be noted that entrance tickets to the museum are all sold before two months or more before its opening, so visitors are advised to buy tickets online before they go out of business.
The Rembrandt House Museum in Amsterdam
The Rembrandt House Art Museum displays the life of the Dutch painter Rembrandt that he spent in that house for more than 20 years in the seventeenth century, in addition to his works such as the paintings he drew, and what is worth noting is the activities that the museum provides to the visitor; Such as touring the museum and accompanying the tour guide on a tour, or participating in the artistic printing workshop, or watching a demonstration of the art of etching and preparing painting.
Concertgebouw in Amsterdam
The Concertgebouw Theater allows tourists to enjoy various free concerts, especially those presented on New Year’s Eve by various orchestras  and the theater is of great moral value to the city of Amsterdam. The Dutch Queen Beatrix awarded the honorary royal title (Koninklik) to the theater on the 125th anniversary of its inauguration, in 2013 AD, and before it she awarded this royal title to the Royal Gebau Concertgebouw orchestra on the hundred years since the opening of the theater.
Begijnhof in Amsterdam
The Begijnhof squares are one of the oldest squares in Amsterdam surrounded by many historical buildings, and it has the oldest wooden house in the city, and the English Reformed Church, and one of the most important features of it is the presence of quiet gardens that inspire calm and relaxation, in addition to artistic windows designed using art Abstract attributed to the artist Mondrian
Willett Holthuisen Museum, Amsterdam
The Willet-Holthuysen Museum is distinguished by its privileged location overlooking the water channels, the most important of which is the Herengracht water channel, which belongs to the canal belt in the Netherlands, and displays in this museum collections of distinctive art paintings, furniture and antiques belonging to one of the rich Dutch families who lived in Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; That is, at the end of the Dutch Golden Age, and the museum was named after that rich family that inhabited it, a family that is Abraham Willett and his wife, Sandrita Holthausen, who lived in it between 1861 AD – 1895 AD, and donated it to the city of Amsterdam after their death nearly 124 years ago, thus The museum came under the administration of Amsterdam.
Van Loon Museum in Amsterdam
Museum Van Loon is located on the south side of the Amsterdam canal chain. This museum displays images from the life history of the Dutch rich class who lived in the nineteenth century. Among the most important of his residence was the Dutch painter Ferdinand Paul, then it was inhabited by the Van Loon family. Which is attributed to the name of the museum, and as for the paintings on display, the most prominent of which is the painting of Willem Van Loon and Margaretha Bass, which was painted by the Dutch painter Jan Miense Molenaer, in addition to 150 personal paintings belonging to the Van Loon family, On the other hand, the museum is distinguished by its back garden; They are filled with ornamental hedges, flowerbeds overlooking the ancient façade of the building, as well as the horse carriages of the Van Loon family.
Going to religious sites in Amsterdam
There are many religious places in the city of Amsterdam, including the following:
Portuguese synagogue in Amsterdam
The Portuguese Synagogue is a library, a historical landmark, and a house of worship belonging to the Jewish religion. The synagogue was built in 1675 AD for Jews coming from the Iberian Peninsula to Amsterdam, as this synagogue was considered the largest synagogue in the whole of Europe at that time, and one of its most distinctive features is that it is It does not use electric lights, but rather relies on the natural lighting that comes from 72 windows, in addition to 1,000 candles that are lit in it.
Saint Nicholas Church in Amsterdam
St. Nicholas Church is one of the most prominent Catholic churches in the center of Old Amsterdam, as it is one of the oldest buildings used to defend the city, and its architectural design belongs to many periods of time. As for the neo-Baroque period, and the era of the modern Renaissance, as for its design, it is characterized by a front façade with a circular rose window, in which there is a carved drawing representing Christian religious symbols, and it is bordered by two high towers on either side, as for its interior design, it was designed in the style of classic churches; That is, in the form of a Roman cross, and it contains two aisles and a side aisle separating them from the nave, in addition to two ecclesiastical chapels.
Westerkerk Church in Amsterdam
Westerkerk Church is one of the largest churches belonging to the Protestant Christian community in the Netherlands, dating back to the seventeenth century, and was built in 1631 specifically, and one of the most prominent features that distinguishes it is its architectural style that belongs to the architecture of the Renaissance, in addition to its tower, which has a height AD 85, and the history of many Dutch historical figures have been associated with this church; The Dutch painter Rembrandt was buried there in 1669, and Anne Frank mentioned this church in her famous diary.
Southern Church in Amsterdam
The Southern Church (in Dutch: Zuiderkerk) is one of the most prominent religious landmarks in the city of Amsterdam. It is the first Protestant church in the city designed in the style of modern Renaissance architecture by the Dutch architect Hendrik de Kaiser in 1611 AD, and is distinguished by the top of its tower covered with lead metal. The church announced its services in 1929, and it was later used as a mortuary for the city of Amsterdam during the Dutch winter famine in 1944 CE, but now it is considered a tourist landmark that allows visitors to tour it on guided tours.
Chinatown (Fu Guang Shan) in Amsterdam is one of the most distinctive Chinatowns on the European continent, as it has the largest Buddhist temple in Europe, as this temple contains a Buddha shrine, and statues expressing Buddhist religious symbols called Buddhist Satta, In addition to the existence of a library, and the headquarters of Buddhist nuns, the temple is distinguished by its Chinese-style construction, thus forming a distinctive view next to it to the Dutch houses built in the European style.
The old church in Amsterdam
The Old Church (in Dutch: Oude Kerk) in Amsterdam is the oldest building in the city, as the Catholic Archdiocese built it in the thirteenth century on the bank of the Amstel River in Amsterdam, reaching its age of nearly 800 years, thus becoming the main place of worship for Christians in the fourteenth century. In 1403 AD a new church was built in Dam Square in Amsterdam, and then it was called the old church, and it was expanded and renewed to become its building on the design of the Roman Cross during the next two centuries, but now it is considered a cultural center after it was a house of worship in the past.